Environmental Quality, Health, and Management: Consensus Reports

The division produces 60-70 reports per year. These reports are unique, authoritative expert evaluations. Each report is produced by a committee of experts selected by the Academy to address a particular statement of task and is subject to a rigorous, independent peer review. The experts who volunteer their time participating on study committees are vetted to make sure that the committee has the range of expertise needed to address the task, that they have a balance of perspectives, and to identify and eliminate members with conflicts of interest. All reports undergo a rigorous, independent peer review to assure that the statement of task has been addressed, that conclusions are adequately supported, and that all important issues raised by the reviewers are addressed. Thus, while the reports represent views of the committee, they also are endorsed by the Academy.

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Showing results 21 - 25 of 348

Potential Health Risks to DOD Firing-Range Personnel from Recurrent Lead Exposure (2012)

There is overwhelming evidence that the Occupational Safety and Health Administration's (OSHA) general industry standards for lead exposure, set more than 30 years ago, are inadequate to protect worker populations. This report was conducted at the request of the Department of Defense (DOD), whose employees at military firing ranges are exposed to lead recurrently when they handle ammunition, conduct maintenance on ranges, and breathe lead dus... More >>

Himalayan Glaciers: Climate Change, Water Resources, and Water Security (2012)

Scientific evidence shows that most glaciers in South Asia's Hindu Kush Himalayan region are retreating, but the consequences for the region's water supply are unclear, this report finds. The Hindu Kush Himalayan region is the location of several of Asia’s great river systems, which provide water for drinking, irrigation, and other uses for about 1.5 billion people. Recent studies show that at lower elevations, glacial retreat is unlikely t... More >>

Report in Brief

Scientific Review of the Draft Environmental Impact Statement: Drakes Bay Oyster Company Special Use Permit (2012)

This report provides a scientific review of a draft Environmental Impact Statement (EIS) from the National Park Service that compares the effects of extending a permit to operate the Drakes Bay Oyster Company shellfish farm in Drakes Estero for the next 10 years, or denying the permit and converting the site from potential wilderness to full wilderness status. The report looks at the Park Service's evaluation of the following resource categories... More >>

Twenty-first Interim Report of the Committee on Acute Exposure Guideline Levels: Parts A and B (2012)

AEGLs (acute exposure guideline levels) are guidelines developed by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency for exposure to hazardous chemicals. The guidelines are used by federal, state, and local governments and by the private sector for prevention and emergency-response planning for potential releases of chemicals, either from accidents or as a result of terrorist activities. Part A includes an assessment of EPA’s draft AEGLs documents fo... More >>

Preparing for the Third Decade (Cycle 3) of the National Water-Quality Assessment (NAWQA) Program (2012)

The first two decades of the U.S. Geological Survey's National Water Quality Assessment (NAWQA) Program have provided a successful and useful assessment of U.S. water-quality conditions, how they have changed over time, and how natural features and human activities have affected those conditions. Now, planning is underway for the third decade (Cycle 3) of the Program outlined in the Science Plan, with challenges including ensuring that the NAWQ... More >>