Workshop Proceedings

Although some Division-sponsored activities like workshops do not result in consensus reports, discussions at workshops and other events are often published in workshop summaries, websites, newsletters, and other formats to preserve and make publicly accessible the information or discussions from the event.

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Showing results 11 - 15 of 148

Frontiers in Decadal Climate Variability: Proceedings of a Workshop (2016)

A number of studies indicate an apparent slowdown in the overall rise in global average surface temperature between roughly 1998 and 2014. Most models did not predict such a slowdown--a fact that stimulated a lot of new research on variability of Earth's climate system. At a September 2015 workshop, leading scientists gathered to discuss current understanding of climate variability on decadal timescales (10 to 30 years) and whether and ho... More >>

Gain-of-Function Research: Summary of the Second Symposium, March 10-11, 2016 (2016)

The second National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine symposium on gain-of-function research gathered feedback from the life sciences community on draft policies developed by the National Science Advisory Board on Biosecurity (NSABB) for federal oversight of this emerging research area as part of a broader U.S. government deliberative process. "Gain-of-function" research refers to studies that enhance the ability of pathogens t... More >>

Use of Metabolomics to Advance Research on Environmental Exposures and the Human Exposome: Workshop in Brief (2016)

Metabolomics, the scientific study of small molecules produced from metabolism, is a rapidly expanding area of research that enables scientists to better understand the physiological state of an organism and its response to different types of stimuli such as nutrients and pollutants. Preliminary research suggests that metabolomics holds promise to advance understanding of the exposome--all of the environmental compounds an individual is expose... More >>

Interindividual Variability: New Ways to Study and Implications for Decision Making: Workshop in Brief (2016)

Intrinsic variability across the human population is associated with variable responses to environmental stressors. Understanding both the sources and the magnitude of the variability is a key challenge for scientists and for decision makers tasked with setting chemical safety regulations. The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine, sponsored by the National Institute for Environmental Health Sciences, held its second worksho... More >>

Chemistry and Engineering of Shale Gas and Tight Oil Resources Development: Workshop in Brief (2015)

Oil and gas exploration in the United States has expanded with the increased use of horizontal, or directional, drilling to facilitate the recovery of shale gas and tight oil resources. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (U.S. EPA) estimates that 25,000 to 30,000 new hydraulic fracturing wells were drilled each year between 2011 to 2014 (U.S. EPA, 2015) , and the impact of those wells and the use of hydraulic fracturing has been a topic o... More >>